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Seizure Disorders

Seizure disorders, also known as epilepsy, are a group of neurological disorders characterized by recurrent and unprovoked seizures. Seizures occur due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain, which leads to temporary changes in behavior, sensations, or consciousness.

Types of Seizure Disorders:

  1. Generalized Seizures: These seizures involve widespread electrical discharges throughout the brain and typically affect both sides simultaneously. Examples include tonic-clonic (formerly grand mal) seizures, absence seizures, myoclonic seizures, and atonic seizures.
  2. Focal Seizures: Also known as partial seizures, these seizures originate in a specific area of the brain. Focal seizures can be further divided into two categories:

Focal onset aware seizures: The person remains conscious during the seizure and may experience abnormal sensations, emotions, or involuntary movements.

Focal onset impaired awareness seizures: The person experiences a loss of consciousness or altered awareness during the seizure.

  1. Mental consequence:
  2. Cognitive Impairment: Prolonged or uncontrolled seizures can affect cognitive functions, including memory, attention, and information processing speed.
  3. Behavioral and Emotional Issues: Seizure disorders may be associated with behavioral and emotional problems such as depression, anxiety, aggression, impulsivity, and social difficulties.
  4. Learning Disabilities: Children with seizure disorders are at a higher risk of learning disabilities and academic underachievement.
  5. Neurological consequence:
  6. Postictal State: Following a seizure, individuals may experience a postictal state characterized by confusion, fatigue, headache, muscle soreness, and difficulty speaking or understanding language. The duration and intensity of the postictal state can vary.
  7. Status Epilepticus: This is a potentially life-threatening condition where seizures occur continuously or in succession without recovery of consciousness. It requires immediate medical intervention.
  8. Injuries: Seizures can lead to injuries such as falls, fractures, head injuries, and burns during the seizure episode.

It’s important to note that not all individuals with seizure disorders will experience the same mental and neurological consequence. The impact can vary greatly depending on the individual, the frequency and severity of seizures, and the effectiveness of treatment. A seizure is a medical disorder that can be managed medically. It is not a spiritual attack caused by spirits or demonic forces. It is recommended to consult with a medical professional for accurate diagnosis, management, and treatment options for seizure disorders.

If you or someone you know is struggling with seizure disorders, contact us at Novacrest hospital Abuja. 08035318274.

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